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Toronto Catholic District School Board


November 4 - November 8, 2019 

Treaties Recognition Week was introduced in 2016 to honour the importance of treaties and to help Ontarians learn more about treaty rights and treaty relationships.​

Resources from


The Indigenous voices on treaties video series features Indigenous speakers sharing their knowledge about the importance of treaties, treaty relationships and rights in Ontario.​


First Nations and treaties (2014)

This map illustrates all of the First Nations and treaties in Ontario.

Download a PDF First Nations and Treaties map or order a free copy online from ServiceOntario – item number 025998.

Teachers, download the information sheet (PDF) for ideas on how you can use the map to compliment your curriculum.

Indigenous trail markers on the TransCanada trail

Some of these markers tell stories that date back as far as the 1300s and recount Indigenous people’s agricultural, economic and cultural history. You can visit them in person or online through our interactive map. The page includes the full text of each marker and information on the Niagara Treaty.​

Treaties in Ontario (infographic) shows the number of treaties in Ontario, the regions they cover and the populations within treaty areas. The infographic also includes information about Indigenous populations. It’s a great resource for educators, or anyone interested in learning more about these agreements.

Teacher-specific resources

Historica Canada’s Treaties in Canada Education Guide (PDF) covers a wide range of topics for educators to discuss with their students including Indigenous people’s oral traditions, a historical timeline of treaties in Canada, a case study featuring Treaty No. 9 and the Idle No More movement.​

For more information and resources please visit:​

Treaties Recognition Week 2018

TCDSB once again partnered with the Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation to participate in the Living Libraries initiative where students in grades 6-12 were connected with Indigenous community members, including Maurice, Switzer, Garry Sault, Elder from the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nations, and Peter Ittinuar, who was the first Inuit MP.


Students from Madonna CSS learning about treaties from Maurice Switzer.