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Toronto Catholic District School Board

Science
 
Junior Science (Grades 9 and 10)
The science courses in the Grade 9 and 10 curriculum are offered in two course types: academic and applied. The course types are defined as follows:
Academic courses develop students’ knowledge and skills through the study of theory and abstract problems. These courses focus on the essential concepts of a subject and explore related concepts as well. They incorporate practical applications as appropriate.

Applied courses focus on the essential concepts of a subject, and develop students’ knowledge and skills through practical applications and concrete examples. Familiar situations are used to illustrate ideas, and students are given more opportunities to experience hands-on applications of the concepts and theories they study.
Students who successfully complete the academic or applied course in Grade 9 may proceed to either the academic or the applied course in Grade 10. The Grade 10 academic and applied courses prepare students for particular destinations. The Grade 11 and 12 science curriculum offers university preparation, university/college preparation, college preparation, and workplace preparation courses. When choosing courses in Grades 9 and 10, students, with the help of parents and educators, should carefully consider their strengths, interests, and needs, as well as their postsecondary goals and the course pathways that will enable them to reach those goals. It should be noted that successful completion of either the academic or the applied Grade 9 course allows students to proceed directly to the Grade 11 workplace preparation course, and successful completion of the Grade 10 applied course allows them to proceed directly to the Grade 12 workplace preparation course. Locally Developed Compulsory Credit Courses (LDCCs) School boards may offer up to two locally developed compulsory credit courses in science – a Grade 9 course and/or a Grade 10 course2 – that may be used to meet the compulsory credit requirement in science for one or both of these grades.3 The locally developed Grade 9 and/or 10 compulsory credit courses prepare students for success in the Grade 11 workplace preparation course, and the Grade 10 course prepares them for success in the Grade 12 workplace preparation course.

Senior Science (Grades 11 and 12)
The senior science courses build on the Grade 9 and 10 science program, incorporating the same goals of science and fundamental concepts on which that program was based. Both programs are founded on the premise that students learn science most effectively when they are active participants in their own learning. Such participation is achieved when science concepts and procedures are introduced through an investigative approach and are connected to students’ prior knowledge in meaningful ways. The Grade 11 and 12 science curriculum is designed to help students prepare for university, college, or the workplace by building a solid conceptual and procedural foundation in science that enables them to apply their knowledge and skills in a variety of ways and successfully further their learning. An important component of every course in the science program is the development of students’ ability to relate science to technology, society, and the environment.
 
Students are encouraged to apply their understanding of science to real-world situations in these areas and to develop knowledge, skills, and attitudes that they will take with them beyond the science classroom. The Grade 11 and 12 science program is designed to help students become scientifically literate. One aspect of scientific literacy is the ability to recognize, interpret, and produce representations of scientific information in forms ranging from written and oral reports, drawings and diagrams, and graphs and tables of values to equations, physical models, and computer simulations. As students’ scientific knowledge and skills develop through the grades, they will become conversant with increasingly sophisticated forms and representations of scientific information. The senior science curriculum also builds on students’ experience with a variety of the sophisticated yet easy-to-use computer applications and simulations that are so prevalent in today’s world. The curriculum integrates these technologies into the learning and doing of science in ways that help students develop investigation skills, extend their understanding of scientific concepts, enable them to solve meaningful problems, and familiarize them with technologies that can be applied in various other areas of endeavour. In this curriculum, technology does not replace skills acquisition; rather, it is treated as a learning tool that helps students explore concepts and hone skills. A balanced science program must include varied opportunities for students to practice and enhance their scientific investigations skills. Like the Grade 9 and 10 science courses, the senior secondary curriculum focuses on refining specific skills that best enable students to develop their understanding of scientific concepts and acquire related knowledge.

Four types of courses are offered in the Grade 11 and 12 science program: university preparation, university/college preparation, college preparation, and workplace preparation courses. Students choose between course types on the basis of their interests, achievement, and postsecondary goals.

The course types offered in Grades 11 and 12 are defined as follows:

University preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the entrance requirements for university programs.

University/college preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the entrance requirements for specific programs offered at universities and colleges. College preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the requirements for entrance to most college programs or for admission to specific apprenticeship or other training programs.

Workplace preparation courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the expectations of employers, if they plan to enter the workplace directly after graduation, or the requirements for admission to many apprenticeship or other training programs.
James Cardinal McGuigan

Science Department
 
The James Cardinal McGuigan Science Department ensures student success in all three disciplines of science; biology, chemistry, and physics, by using cutting edge-technology teaching tools. With the use of LCD projector/internet access technology, smart boards, and wireless network laptops, students can access animations, tutorials, self tests and videos relevant to concepts taught in class.
 
The use of computer-interface technology, particularly Logger Pro® software with biology, chemistry, physics, and human physiology Vernier® probeware, to collect data such as pH, temperature, motion, force, blood pressure, heart rate, breathing rate, etc. gives J.C.M. science students the necessary hands-on experience to guide them towards 21st century science-oriented careers.
 
Other high-tech teaching tools such as gel electrophoresis in DNA fingerprinting, and gene isolation, are also offered to J.C.M science students. Providing students with a modern day, hands-on approach to learning creates a dynamic and highly effective learning environment.
 
James Cardinal McGuigan Science Department Renewal 
 
Over the 2010 summer holidays, the Biology, Chemistry, and Physics Science laboratories at James Cardinal McGuigan High School have undergone a complete transformation. Installed in all three labs are high-grade countertops, sinks, faucets, gas valves, ventilation systems, and up-to-date electrical wiring.
 
Each laboratory is fully equipped with modern safety features, including emergency gas and electrical shut-offs, first-aid kits, eyewash stations, safety showers, and fire extinguishers and blankets.
 
Our newly renovated, state-of-the-art laboratories give students at James Cardinal McGuigan High School the necessary hands-on experience to guide them towards 21st century science-oriented careers.

Science Club