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Mathematics
 
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic (MPM1D1)
This course enables students to develop generalizations of mathematical ideas and methods through the exploration of applications, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships to develop equations of straight lines in analytic geometry, explore relationships between volume and surface area of objects in measurement, and apply extended algebraic skills in problem solving. Students will engage in abstract extensions of core learning that will deepen their mathematical knowledge and enrich their understanding. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required.
Prerequisite: None
 
Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied (MFM1P1)
This course enables students to develop mathematical ideas and methods through the exploration of applications, the effective use of technology, and extended experiences with hands-on activities. Students will investigate relationships of straight lines in analytic geometry, solve problems involving the measurement of 3-dimensional objects and 2-dimensional figures, and apply key numeric and algebraic skills in problem solving. Students will also have opportunities to consolidate core skills and deepen their understanding of key mathematical concepts. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required.
Prerequisite: None
 
Essential Mathematics, Grade 9, Locally Developed (MAT1L1)
This course provides students who have experienced difficulties in previous mathematics courses an opportunity to obtain sufficient background and skill development to prepare them for Grade 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation courses. Whenever possible, ideas will be presented in a realistic context providing students with an opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever appropriate. A calculator is required.
Prerequisite: Recommendation of principal
 
Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic (MPM2D1)
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relations, extend their skills in multi-step problem solving, and continue to develop their abilities in abstract reasoning. Students will pursue investigations of quadratic functions and their applications, solve and apply linear systems, solve multi-step problems in analytic geometry to verify properties of geometric figures, investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles and develop supporting algebraic skills. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied (MPM1D1 or MFM1P1)
 
Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied (MFM2P1)
This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of key mathematical concepts through hands-on activities and to extend their problem-solving experiences in a variety of applications. Students will solve problems involving proportional reasoning and the trigonometry of right triangles, investigate applications of piecewise linear functions, solve and apply systems of linear equations and solve problems involving quadratic functions. The effective use of technology in learning and in solving problems will be a focus of the course. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied (MPM1D1 or MFM1P1)
 
Essential Mathematics, Grade 10, Locally Developed (MAT2L1)
This Grade 10 mathematics course is designed to provide additional experience in problem solving. Ideas will be presented in a realistic context providing students with an opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Repetition of skills and exposure to technology are key aspects of this course.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Applied or Essential (Note: This is a non-compulsory Math credit)
 
Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation (MCR3U1)
This course introduces some financial applications of mathematics, extends students’ experiences with functions, and introduces second-degree relations. Students will solve problems in personal finance involving applications of sequences and series, investigate properties and applications of trigonometric functions, develop facility in operating with polynomials, ratio expression, and exponential expressions, and develop facility in using function notation and in communicating mathematical reasoning. Students will also investigate loci and the properties and applications of conics. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required. A T183+ graphing calculator is highly recommended.
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic (MPM2D1)
 
Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (MCF3M1)
This course introduces some financial applications of mathematics and extends students’ experiences with functions. Students will solve problems in personal finance involving applications of sequences and series, investigate properties and applications of trigonometric functions, develop facility in operating with polynomials, rational expressions, and exponential expressions, develop an understanding of inverses and transformations of functions, and develop facility in using function notation and in communicating mathematical reasoning. A geometry set and scientific calculator are required. A T183+ graphing calculator is highly recommended.
Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic (MPM2D1)
 
Mathematics of Personal Finance, Grade 11, College Preparation (MBF3C1)
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of exponential growth and of important areas of personal finance. Students will investigate properties of exponential functions and develop skills in manipulating exponential expressions, solve problems and investigate financial applications involving compound interest and annuities, and apply mathematics in making informed decisions about transportation, accommodation, and career choices. A scientific calculator is required. A T183+ graphing calculator is highly recommended.
Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied (MFM2P1)
 
Mathematics for Everyday Life, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation (MEL3E1)
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in important areas of day-to-day living. Students will solve problems associated with earning money, paying taxes, and making purchases, apply calculations of simple and compound interest in saving, investing, and borrowing, and calculate the costs of transportation and travel in a variety of situations. A calculator is required.
Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic, Applied, or Locally Developed (MPM1D1 or MFM1P1 or MAT1L1)
 
Advanced Functions and Introductory Calculus, Grade 12, University Preparation (MCB4U1)
This course builds on students’ experience with functions and introduces the basic concepts and skills of calculus. Students will investigate and apply the properties of polynomial, exponential, and logarithmic functions, broaden their understanding of the mathematics associated with rates of change, and develop facility with the concepts and skills of differential calculus as applied to polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. Students will apply these skills to problem solving in a range of applications. A T183+ graphing calculator is highly recommended.
Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (MCR3U1 or MCF3M1)
 
Geometry and Discrete Mathematics, Grade 12, University Preparation (MGA4U1)
This course enables students to broaden mathematical knowledge and skills related to abstract mathematical topics and to the solving of complex problems. Students will solve problems involving geometric and Cartesian vectors, and intersections of lines and planes in three-space. They will also develop an understanding of proof, using deductive, algebraic, vector, and indirect methods. Students will solve problems involving counting techniques and prove results using mathematical induction. A scientific calculator is required. A T183+ graphing calculator is highly recommended.
Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation (MCR3U1)
 
Mathematics of Data Management, Grade 12, University Preparation (MDM4U1)
This course broadens students’ understanding of mathematics as it relates to managing information. Students will apply methods for organizing large amounts of information, apply counting techniques, probability, and statistics in modeling and solving problems, and carry out a culminating project that integrates the expectations of the course and encourages perseverance and independence. Students planning to pursuer university programs in business, the social sciences, or the humanities will find this course of particular interest.
Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation (MCR3U1 or MCF3M1)
 
College and Apprenticeship Mathematics, Grade 12, College Preparation (MAP4C1)
This course equips students with the mathematical knowledge and skills they will need in many college programs. Students will use statistical methods to analyze problems, solve problems involving the application of principles or geometry and measurement to the design and construction of physical models, solve problems involving trigonometry in triangles, and consolidate their skills in analyzing and interpreting mathematical models. A scientific calculator is required.
Prerequisite: Mathematics of Personal Finance, Grade 11, College Preparation, or Functions, Grade 11, University/College Preparation, or Functions and Relations, Grade 11, University Preparation (MBF3C1 or MCF3M1 or MCR3U1)
 
Mathematics for Everyday Life, Grade 12, Workplace Preparation (MEL4E1)
This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as it is applied in important areas of day-to-day living. Students will use statistics in investigation questions of interest and apply principles of probability in familiar situations. They will also investigate accommodation costs and create household budgets, solve problems involving estimation and measurement, and apply concepts of geometry in the creation of designs. A calculator is required.
Prerequisite: Mathematics for Everyday Life, Grade 11, Workplace Preparation (MEL3E1)